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  • Nadine Gbossa

Illicit Financial Flows. The Economy of Illicit Trade in West Africa


Nadine Gbossa, Head the Global Partnerships and Policies Division at the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) is one of the concluding authors of the Report on Illicit Financials Flows in West Africaand its significant impact on development


Going beyond a traditional analysis of illicit financial flows (IFFs), which typically emphasises the scale of monetary flows, the report examines the nature of thirteen overlapping, and oftentimes mutually reinforcing, criminal and illicit economies, with a view to identify their resulting financial flows and development linkages. In taking this approach, this report identifies the networks and drivers that allow these criminal economies to thrive, with a particular emphasis on the actors and incentives behind them. As a conclusion to this work, this report proposes a series of policy considerations to assist countries to prioritise and focus their responses to reduce the development impacts of IFFs. Resolving the problem of IFFs requires responding to underlying development challenges, and tackling all parts of the problem in source, transit and destination countries.



OECD States of Fragility Report 2018


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